Understanding the dimensions of the problem

The energy transition is generating disproportionate job losses in industries connected to fossil fuels as well as economic impacts on communities that host legacy industry economic activity. The energy transition also introduces, and at times exacerbates, other disparities as well, such as energy insecurity, when energy costs rise or only certain demographic groups benefit from more efficient and cleaner energy technologies that accompany the transition. Our team has characterized and synthesized such issues and seeks to open the dialog among scholars, practitioners, and policymakers about the many equity and justice dimensions of the energy transition. We have also sought to understand what conditions those on the frontlines of the transition are facing.

Related Publications

Which households are energy insecure?

30% of respondents were unable to pay at least one energy bill over the course of a year; explore the connections between race and housing conditions. 

"Which households are energy insecure? An empirical analysis of race, housing conditions, and energy burdens in the United States." (M. Graff, S. Carley, D. Konisky, T. Memmott), Energy Research & Social Science, (September 2021)

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Climate Change & Energy Insecurity

Climate change will exacerbate the issue of energy insecurity.

"Climate Change and Energy Insecurity: A growing need for policy intervention." (M. Graff, D. Konisky, S. Carley, T. Memmott), Environmental Justice, (June 2021)

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Equity in National Climate Policy

"What we can learn from the Green New Deal about the importance of equity in national climate policy."

(D. Konisky, S. Carley), Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, (2021)

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Justice & Equity

Understand the justice and equity implications of the energy transition

"The justice and equity implications of the clean energy transition," (S. Carley, D. Konisky), Nature Energy, (June 2020) 

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Green New Deal

Explore how the goals of the Green New Deal will impact businesses

"What would the Green New Deal mean for business?" (S. Carley, D. Konisky), Harvard Business Review, (February 2019)

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Communities' Perceptions

Investigate the concerns of stakeholders' in front line communities 

"Stakeholder perceptions of the United States energy transition: Local-level dynamics and community responses to national politics and policy," (M. Graff, S. Carley, D. Konisky), Energy Research and Social Science, 43: 144-157, (September 2018)

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Literature Review

Further your understanding of the energy justice field through our literature review

"A review of the environmental policy literature from 2014-2017 with a closer look at the energy justice field," (M. Graff, S. Carley, M. Pirog), Policy Studies Journal, 47 S1 (2019)


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Adaptation in Coal Country

Consider challenges faced by coal mining communities

"Adaptation, culture, and the energy transition in American coal country," (S. Carley, T. Evans, D. Konisky), Energy Research and Social Science 37: 133-139, (March 2018)

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